Thesis topic proposals

Dr. Dávid Lóránt
Tourism and Sustainability
The research for sustainable tourism development is premised on the responsibility of governments and all stakeholders in the tourism sector to ensure that long-term prosperity and the quality of life of future generations are not put at risk. In order to sustain tourism, it is necessary to address various issues arising from the contribution of tourism to the development by means of a comprehensive plan of action. In order to meet the requirements for sustainable tourism development, governments need to give direct attention and make explicit policies and plans in a number of areas. Issues of policy-making, planning, management and the participation of the private sector must be addressed in terms of opportunities for action and possible constraints. Strategies for mobilizing resources are presented with an emphasis on those that already exist in the region and on the significant contribution of the private sector.
Dr. Hajdú Zoltán

Administrative geography of Hungary
Public administration is supposed to be the same age as the state itself and the territorial division for public administration purposes can be considered as the basic division of each state. Public administration geography has been developing as a part of political geography from the end of the XIX. century. It is specialised in researching the theoretical relations between the territorial divisions for public administration purposes respectively the different geographical spatial categories (country, economic district, agglomeration).  The spatial organization telescope for public administration can be regarded as the most important framework of the analytical and comparative analyses of the given countries as well as the different levels of public administration. The international comparative achievements of public administration geography have been applied in the work of the UN.
Dr. Farkas Tibor
The theoretical and methodological aspects of rural development
In case of rural development there is a crucial role of the local community, its understanding and involvement. Rural regions are not only the arena of food production, but also the space of the diverse economic, cultural and social functions of the rural population. The research of rural regions is typically an interdisciplinary field of science. The theory and research tasks include sociology, demography, regional science, geography and economics as well. Among the examined categories are human capital, social capital, endogenous resources, subsidiarity and the condition of the local society. Furthermore, rural development methodology includes the characteristics of local social system, and the examination of the anomie among the rural population. Research activities will involve the analysis of the demographic situation of rural areas and its social and economic consequences, too.
Dr. Khademi-Vidra Anikó
The study of the consumer habits 
The study of the consumer habits has proven a quite diverse, exciting and varying research topic. The commercial attitude of the recent years has largely been determined by the global economic crisis resulting in several changes of the consumer behavior and it has had the majority of consumers find new reference points that make the consumer decisions more economical, conscious as well as more demanding. Simultaneously, owing to the large scale development of online commercial space new consumer habits and new ways of conduct have developed radically modifying the basic theses of former consumer paradigms. The research topic attempts to focus on the description of the above mentioned consumer trends trying to analyze the complex, inter- and multi-disciplinary progresses of consumption in their diversity.
Dr. Khademi-Vidra Anikó
The regional questions of education

The educational systems can be considered as effective if they can reflect to the demands of the labor market of the relevant society. Independently of the public education or adult education, of the state-funded education provided within the school system or private education provided outside the school system the success can be measured by the high number of employees in a relevant profession.  The highlighting of the reflection of regional education may be one of the most determining segment of the components forming an effectiveness rate. The frequent tension between supply and demand in the education derives from the fact that the centralized educational curricula hardly consider the demands of the regional and sub regional education as well as the labor market. In the frame of the research topic the review of the Hungarian and foreign educational systems (primarily the higher education)  based on a sensitive, regional attitude, respectively the elaboration of comparative examinations and the critical analyses of the educational trends of the EU (Education 2020) may be studied.
Dr. Kovács András
Geographical and cyber spaces in business
Interactions between geographical and cyber spaces have considerable research interests in regional sciences from different points-of-view. Sociological, infrastructural, economic problems are discussed in wide range of publications.
Less attention focuses on applied economic questions, such as spatial relevancies in company strategy, space-related marketing strategies, and geography-influenced marketing activities (geomarketing). These days companies face new, space-related challenges in their business activities, because “new spaces” have been emerged in the last three decades. Cyberspace has become not only a distribution channel, but an important non-geographical space where complex marketing strategies must be implemented. However nowadays more and more frequent interactions can be detected between geographical and cyber spaces (cross-channel marketing, virtual and augmented realities, intelligent technologies, etc.) that companies must answer in their strategic planning and operation.
This research should focus on the theories of spaces and on their implementation in business (marketing) activities. Besides geographical interest business orientation and commitment for empirical research is a must.
Dr. Kovács András
Cross-border spaces and co-operations
“Border issue” belongs nowadays not only to the “territory” of geopolitics or political geography. It has become a real multi- and interdisciplinary research field, where different political, organizational, socio-economic, environmental, infrastructural, etc. questions have been discussed for decades.
From the point-of-view of regional science cross-border socio-economic phenomena gain attention and research interest. The openness and closeness of state borders have been changing in time and in space as well, and differ from each other in different part of the world. This level of openness (or closeness) and the actual status of cross-border socio-economic ties influence each other, giving newer and newer research topics to the researchers.
In light of recent socio-economic and political affairs in Europe (illegal migration, labor-force migration, Brexit, changes in EU regional policy, etc.) borderlands have got new interpretations, meanings, tasks and problems.
This research should examine the local-regional (borderland) effects of these above mentioned transformation processes from the viewpoint of regional science. In the theoretical part border-theories must be discusses and developed, in the empirical research one or more European (or other) borderlands must be researched (with secondary and primary methods).
Dr. L. Rédei Mária
Recent processes of in- and outland mobility in Hungary and their regional impact on employment
Hungary is an important geographical channel in migratory flows in Europe. Especially in 2008, when Hungary became part of the Schengen area and a few months later the financial and economic crisis broke out. All these recent trends affect Europe. In the first period of migration, the main concern was security, this is over now, presently the focal point is placed on potential benefits such as remittances, employment, indirect demographic impacts; gain and loss balance. One of the main problems of Hungary is the low level of employment. The contributing factors are various. The regional disparities - mainly in lagging behind regions - are complex and historically different. Even in 1990 Hungary still was a receiving country, but since 2010 outflow has caused a concern. As to migration in Hungary two things are crucial: the low level of mobility efforts and the high level of residential ownership. These are barriers to be flexible and in a crisis era to get the best accessible opportunities. In the focus of our interest there are two questions: What kind of correlation can be verified between employment and mobility rate? What can we recommend to local actors to develop the standards of living?
 Dr. Michalkó Gábor
The effects of tourism on the socio-economic processes of a destination
Today tourism plays an inevitable role in the free time of anyone, meanwhile it is strongly connected to the field of work. Despite the fact that tourism appears most visibly in the sectors of public catering and travel agencies, there are hardly any segments of the society or the economy where it is not possible to reveal the symbiotic links between the two things. These usually become apparent in everyday life by the development and marketing of touristic products such as health-tourism or cultural tourism. Students will analyze the complex social and economic effects of a freely chosen product of tourism and its effects on territorial characteristics. Appropriate methodology of social sciences will have to be applied.
Dr. Michalkó Gábor
Tourism and the quality of life
Well-being is a subjective reflection of the quality of human life. The accomplishment of researches related to the topic is very effortful, because contrary to popular belief, the results of the experiments depend significantly on the actual mood of the testee and these are barely in relation with statistic factors. The indexes of the objective statistics about human being compose the factors which are the base of personal happiness and satisfaction. However, researchers examine some other factors that are also influential besides the objective indexes. From the 1960s, the increasing popularity of tourism has shown that individuals intentionally undergo the torment of long journeys in exchange for the possibility to exploit the happiness of being in a different environment. Despite the obvious links between tourism and well-being, the scientific exploration of these notions is still ungrown. The symbiosis is interpretable from the aspect of a tourist or a local citizen as well, but the further observation of effects and consequences demand new and new means to be able to fully exploit the subject.
Dr. Nagy Henrietta
Analysis of regional development policiy measures in a selected country/region
In the framework of this topic, the doctoral students can chose a country or a region/group of regions, preferably their own countries as a research area. The aim of the research is to give an overview on the regional policy measures in the selected area, the evolution of regional policy and its impact on the economic and social development. Regional/cohesion policy measures are varied from yountry to country, so this research has a great practical value. Several conslusions can be drawn from the experience of different countries, therefore, several recommendations can be made to provide help to the underdeveloped regions. Various statistical methods can be applied to measure the existing territorial inequalities, which help to define the most problematic areas.
Dr. Nagyné Dr. Molnár Melinda
New geographical trends in the post-communist European rural areas
Modernization, industrialization and urbanization brought on growing disparities and polarized center-periphery relations in the twentieth century. The emerged regional asynchronism characterizes the regional development and that is especially visible in the Central, Eastern and South-Eastern European space. These tendencies have continued and deepened during the communist era and the post-socialist transitional period. The industrialized urban areas got the highly developed winner position in this competition. The rural areas for the most part became underdeveloped and disadvantageous regions and the loser poverty poles of the economic development. In the second part of the twentieth century new geographical trends appeared. Globalization and localization, suburbanization and counter-urbanization, post-industrialization and post- modernization resulted in rapid changes in the periphery, too. These processes lead to different evolutions of settlements in the field of politics, economics and society.
Dr. Neszmélyi György Iván
Examination of developing countries from spatial aspect
 In our world there are more than hundred so called developing countries where disparities, crucial differences in population, economic performances, abundance of resources etc. can be well observed and analyzed. These disparities can appear in many cases not only at national level, but should be examined within the geographic spaces of the respective countries. Such disparities can be important economic factors (like supply of natural resources or other inputs), social characteristics (like ethnic or regional composition of the society or just the density of population). One can examine not only the distribution of these factors and phenomena in space but also – in time horizon – their developmental dynamics as well. The examination of the impacts of global problems (climatic changes, overpopulation, urbanization process, availability of potable or irrigation water, etc.) in various regions of the developing countries can also be a part of the research. Another important field can be the examination of the centre-periphery relation and the same of the lagging regions being in the most disadvantageous situation
Dr. Tózsa István
Application of GIS (Geographic Information Systems) in public administration and services.
The survey and the usage of digital interactive maps in performing public services, with an outlook towards future development potentials. Students are advised to survey and list all common public services in order to find the ways how GIS is applied in them. Then depending on choice, a few of the services will be analyzed from the point of view of efficiency and economies of scale e.g. by comparing them to the traditional workflow or public service processes to prove the advantages of GIS in the very services. Also, the social acceptance of the GIS support in certain services may be investigated via questionnaires. Finally students will propose further development possibilities in the investigated applications through which the quality and customer friendliness of public services could be further improved. The proposal should be grounded and supported with findings in applied administrative sciences published on the topic of modernization to date.
Dr. Tózsa István
Application of 3D technology in front office services in public administration and services
The survey of the possibilities of Second Life or Virtual Planet technologies spreading in e-business from the viewpoint of e-government. (Identification of the customer's avatar, data security in 3D office environment; and readiness and social acceptance or demand regarding these services.) Students choosing this topic will survey the few items of special literature on the virtual office applications published to date. This topic is recommended for students having programming ability and knowledge to be able to put together a simple application in a given office environment or to try to solve the identification of either the customer representative or the customer. The programming knowledge and experts of Virtual Planet Software are available in Budapest. The piece of application then could prove the students’ ability to introduce new items and workflow elements in high technology e-government.
Dr. Vörös Mihály László
Local Food Systems
Food markets are becoming increasingly international and global in developed and developing countries in all over the world. At the same time, urbanization has increased the physical and psychological distance between urban and rural residents and it has separated city-people from knowing where, how and by whom the raw materials for their food are produced, grown and processed. Urbanisation, in parallel, is resulting territorial and functional reduction of rural areas which has unfavourable effects on the food supplying capacities as well as on the food consumption habits. Cooking at home becomes less important, family members more frequently go out for eating, as a result, family ties get devaluated and the dietary might become less health-conscious. People who live closer to the source of the foodstuffs are more health-aware consumers, they generally eat and live more traditionally, and they tend to do more about protecting and preserving the environment. Local Food System (LFS) comprehends harmonized development and operation of multifunctional agriculture based on an advanced food and nutrition policy and community marketing which promote local consumption of local products. Following the LFS concepts regions can preserve or revitalize their traditional food culture by utilizing local natural and human resources, production inputs, infrastructure effectively within that region in order to contribute to its economic and social development. The LFS represents a multidisciplinary research topic which comprises several topics to investigate in scope of PhD thesis.